According to criminal law, a crime is a violation of public order. In general, jurisdictions have a legal fiction that crimes violate sovereign peace. Officials, as sovereign agents, are responsible for prosecuting violators. Therefore, criminal law is the sovereignty of the "plaintiff", which in practice is left to the king or the people. You can also get more info about criminal law via https://harveylawyers.es/.
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The main purpose of criminal law is prevention and punishment, while civil law is individual compensation. Crime consists of two distinct elements; The laws of physics and the mental states necessary to perform an action . For example, Act Reus murder is a murder under the law, while "Mens Rea" is past hatred (intention to kill or cause grievous injury).
The Criminal Code also stipulates the protections that defendants may or may be able to take to eliminate their responsibilities. (criminal responsibility) and determine possible penalties. Criminal law does not require the victim or the victim's consent to encourage the perpetrator. Furthermore, the victim's objections can be prosecuted and the victim's consent is that with most offenses there is no defense.
In most legal systems, both in the general tradition and in civil law, criminal law is divided into two areas:
* Criminal proceedings regulate the process of overcoming violations of criminal law
* Substantive criminal law with detailed definitions and penalties for various crimes.
Criminal law distinguishes crimes from civil law errors such as lawsuits or defaults. Criminal law is understood as a system that regulates the behavior of individuals and groups in relation to social norms in general, while civil law mainly focuses on the relationship between individuals and their rights and obligations under the law.